Where did the lead-acid battery come from? A French physicist named Gaston Plante invented the lead-acid battery in 1859. Those early batteries were placed in glass jars and stored in wooden boxes. He could hardly have imagined that his invention — used around the world in a million different ways, by over a billion people – would be going strong nearly 150 years later.
What is a Battery?
A battery is a small chemical plant, which stores energy in the plates. Lead acid batteries are chemically charged with pure sulfuric acid and pure distilled water. This solution is called “Electrolyte.” The sulfuric acid enters the clean pores of the plates causing a normal chemical action.
When a battery is discharged, the lead active material of the positive plates combines with the sulfuric acid of the electrolyte forming lead sulphate (crystallized state).
When a battery is discharged, the sulfuric acid from lead sulphate returns into the electrolyte (liquid state) and the cycle continues until a problem begins to evolve.